Monday, 18 November 2019

NOT ONLY GALILEI


One hundred and seventy years before Galileo, in 1394, Mohammed Taragay Ulugbek, the grandson of the famous conqueror Timur, was born. Ulugbek became the ruler of Samarkand. He ordered the construction of an observatory, invited many prominent astronomers and mathematicians and devoted the rest of his life to the study of stars.

Spyglass
Spyglass

The clergy, of course, accused him of heresy, a violation of God's laws. Ulugbek was treacherously killed, his observatory was destroyed. But Ulugbek was not the first.

During the excavations of the Roman city of Pompeii, several magnifying glasses were found.

The ancient Eastern legend speaks of events even more ancient. As if four thousand years ago, a glass grinder worked in the king’s palace. Once he made a pipe by inserting perfectly polished glasses into it. Looking through the tube at the sky, a man saw thousands of new stars.

The royal servants got to know about his pastime, reported to the king, and he ordered the grinder to be declared a sorcerer and imprisoned... Is this true or fiction, who knows?

Modern Microscope
Modern Microscope

Years passed, tens, hundreds of years. New scientists replaced Galileo. The world was seized with a thirst for knowledge. Mysterious celestial spaces attracted scientists.

Some pointed their telescopes at the sky and peered into the mysterious starlight. Others polished the glass and examined through it the structure of green leaves, human skin, tree roots. The desire to know as much as possible about the surrounding nature has captured people from different countries. The first primitive microscopes and telescopes were gradually replaced by more advanced ones.

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